War is Not Inevitable: On the Psychology of War and Aggression

Author(s) : Henri Parens

War is Not Inevitable: On the Psychology of War and Aggression

Book Details

  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Published : 2014
  • Cover : Hardback
  • Pages : 312
  • Category :
    Psychoanalysis
  • Catalogue No : 38948
  • ISBN 13 : 9780739195284
  • ISBN 10 : 073919528X
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In 1932 Einstein asked Freud, 'Is there any way of delivering mankind from the menace of war?' Freud answered that war is inevitable because humans have an instinct to self-destroy, a death instinct which we must externalize to survive. But nearly four decades of study of aggression reveal that rather than being an inborn drive, destructiveness is generated in us by experiences of excessive psychic pain. In War is Not Inevitable: On the Psychology of War and Aggression, Henri Parens argues that the death-instinct based model of aggression can neither be proved nor disproved as Freud's answer is untestable. By contrast, the 'multi-trends theory of aggression' is provable and has greater heuristic value than does a death-instinct based model of aggression. When we look for causes for war we turn to history as well as national, ethnic, territorial, and or political issues, among many others, but we also tend to ignore the psychological factors that play a large role. Parens discusses such psychological factors that seem to lead large groups into conflict. Central among these are the psychodynamics of large-group narcissism. Interactional conditions stand out: hyper-narcissistic large-groups have, in history, caused much narcissistic injury to those they believe they are superior to. But this is commonly followed by the narcissistically injured group's experiencing high level hostile destructiveness toward their injury-perpetrator which, in time, will compel them to revenge. Among groups that have been engaged in serial conflicts, wars have followed from this psychodynamic narcissism-based cyclicity. Parens details some of the psychodynamics that led from World War I to World War II and their respective aftermath, and he addresses how major factors that gave rise to these wars must, can, and have been counteracted. In doing so, Parens considers strategies by which civilization has and is constructively preventing wars, as well as the need for further innovative efforts to achieve that end.

About the Author(s)

Henri Parens, MD, is Professor of Psychiatry at Thomas Jefferson University and Training and Supervising Analyst (Adult and Child) at the Psychoanalytic Center of Philadelphia. He was formerly the Director of the Early Child Development Program, MCP/EPPI, and President of Parenting for Emotional Growth, Inc. He is the author of over 250 publications, including twenty-two books, as well as producing five scientific films, a documentary, and a television series for CBS. Dr Parens is a Holocaust survivor, and the recipient of many honors and awards.

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